Austria, Belgum, Bosnia, Denmark, England, France, Greece, Germany, Hugary, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey So, we start our Europe trip with Austria as it is the most visited country with a lot of tourist places.
In our last issue, we talked about trips and tricks for foreign tour. In this issue, we are giving top view of Europe trip. Of course, you will be getting beautiful experience only when you go there by yourself but, this article may help you to make easy and liable for your beautiful trip. There are loads of places to see in Europe but, after reading this I am sure you would at least know which places shouldn’t be left. We would be giving series of information for a specific country of Europe nation after every consecutive issue. So, if you are planning for your Europe tour for next year then, pack your bags as these beautiful places are eagerly waiting for you. Even if you aren’t travelling this article will give you full view of European nations.
Today’s Austria is what was once the German speaking core and centre of power for the large multi-ethnic Austro-Hungarian Empire with its imperial capital in Vienna. This empire stretched eastwards from present-day Austria through much of east-central and south-central Europe. It included the entire territories of modern day Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, and portions of Serbia, Romania, Ukraine, Poland and Italy. While Prussia united the German states to the north by force into one “Germany” in the latter part of the 19th Century, Austria remained oriented eastwards towards its diverse empire. However, from the start of the 20th century, the political history of Austria has been closely linked to the misfortunes and disasters of modern German history, mainly the First and Second World Wars and their terrible aftermath.
The modern republic of Austria came into being in 1918 as a result of its defeat in World WarIt was not until the end of the war that the mood changed and that Austria tried to distance itself from Germany. In 1945, Austria was divided into zones of occupation like Germany. However, unlike Germany, Austria was not subject to any further territorial losses. A treaty signed in 1955 ended the Allied and Soviet occupation, recognized Austria’s independence, and forbade future unification with Germany. A constitutional law of that same year declared the country’s “perpetual neutrality”, a condition for Soviet military withdrawal, and thus saved Austria from Germany’s fate of a divided nation with a divided capital. However, the South Tyrol Question took Austria and Italy to the UN in the post-war era and international brokered mitigation found a suitable solution for both countries by the late 1980’s. This official neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet Union’s collapse of 1991 and Austria’s entry into the European Union in 1995. Austria is one of the most popular summer and winter holiday destinations in Europe and has the tourist industry to match it.
Austria is a federation. Each of its nine federal states has a unique and distinct culture. Austrians are moderate in their outlook and behaviour. The average Austrian on the street is likely to be friendly yet somewhat reserved and formal, softly spoken and well mannered, law abiding, socially conservative, rooted, family oriented, conformist and somewhat nepotistic, a Catholic at heart, not particularly religious but a follower of tradition, well educated if not as cosmopolitan as his/her European cousins, cynical, and equipped with a dry, sarcastic sense of humor.
Austria has a temperate continental climate. Summers last from early June to mid-September and can be hot in some years and rainy in others. Day-time temperatures in July and August are around 25°C (77°F), but can often reach 35°C (95°F). Winters are cold in the lowlands and very harsh in the Alpine region with temperatures often dropping below -10°C (14°F). Winters last from December to March (longer at higher altitudes). In the Alpine region large temperature fluctuations occur all year round and nights are chilly even in high summer. The northern Alps are generally a lot wetter than the rest of the country. The South East (Styria and Carinthia) is dry and sunny. The area around Vienna often experiences strong easterly winds.
Austria is a member of the Schengen Agreement.
There are no border controls between countries that have signed and implemented this treaty – the European Union (except Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Likewise, a visa granted for any Schengen member is valid in all other countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. But be careful: not all EU members have signed the Schengen treaty, and not all Schengen members are part of the European Union. This means that there may be spot customs checks but no immigration checks or you may have to clear immigration but not customs
Please see the article Travel in the Schengen Zone for more information about how the scheme works and what entry requirements are.
To stay longer than 90 days, a non-EU foreigner will need either a long-stay visa (valid for up to 6 months) or an Aufenthaltstitel (residence permit). Visa-exempt visitors may be able to acquire a residence permit inside Austria after entry, but consulates do not recommend this route due to processing times for the permits and that the permit must be obtained within the initial 90-day period of stay.
Vienna, Austria’s capital, lies in the country’s east on the Danube River. Its artistic and intellectual legacy was shaped by residents including Mozart, Beethoven and Sigmund Freud. The city is also known for its Imperial palaces, including Schönbrunn, the Habsburgs’ summer residence. In the Museums Quartier district, historic and contemporary buildings display works by Egon Schiele, Gustav Klimt and other artists.
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Attractions in Vienna
Schönbrunn Palace and Gardens
The spectacular 18th-century Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) is worth visiting not only for its magnificent architecture, but also for its beautiful park-like setting. One of Vienna’s top attractions, this Baroque palace contains more than 1,441 rooms and apartments, including those once used by Empress Maria Theresa. Tour highlights include a chance to see the Imperial Apartments, including Emperor Franz Joseph’s Walnut Room and his Bedroom, which still has the small soldier’s bed in which he died. Of Empress Maria Theresa’s rooms, highlights include her richly furnished and decorated garden apartments, along with her Breakfast Room with its floral artwork created by her daughters. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, its sumptuous Baroque gardens and numerous attractive outbuildings are well worth exploring, in particular the Palm House from 1883. If traveling with kids, visit the Children’s Museum for a chance to see them dressed up as a prince or princess.
Prater Park and the Giant Ferris Wheel
Visiting the Prater, a large natural park between the Danube and the Danube Canal, is a little like stepping into another world. Covering an area of 3,200 acres, this vast park – once a royal hunting ground – has long been one of Vienna’s most popular recreation areas. There’s something here for everyone, from thrills and spills in the Wurstel area with its old-fashioned theme park rides to dining and dancing. A highlight is taking a ride on the famous Giant Wheel, a Viennese landmark that has provided fine views over the city since 1896.
The Kunsthistorisches Museum is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome. Numerous major art works of European art history, among them Raphael’s “Madonna in the Meadow,” Vermeer’s “The Allegory of Painting,” the Infanta paintings by Velazquez, masterworks by Rubens, Rembrandt, Dürer, Titian and Tintoretto are housed in the paintings gallery. The Egyptian and Near Eastern Collection contains fascinating treasures from mysterious cultures long past.
Imperial Palace (Hofburg)
Originally planned Until 1918, the Hofburg was the center of the gigantic Habsburg empire. as a lavish “Imperial forum”, the grounds were built up majestically by the Habsburg emperors – from the 13th century “Alte Burg” to the most recent addition from around 1900. Today, the Hofburg in Vienna is the official seat of the Austrian President. Here you will find more than two dozens collections of international standing. You will also discover cafés, restaurants, squares and parks to while away the time. Welcome to an imperial march through history, art and luxury.
The range of outstanding works at the Albertina span from Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael through Albrecht Duerer, Rembrandt and Rubens to Lorrain, Delacroix, Manet and Cezanne.
The collections of the 20th century include works by Schiele, Klimt and Kokoschka, as well as Warhol, Rauschenberg and Baselitz.
Aside the vast graphics collection the museum also houses a photographic, an architectural and a poster collection.
Another highlight of this museum are the Habsburg State Rooms, which are newly renovated and open to be viewed.
After your visit to the Albertina have a coffee at the DO&CO Albertina, a restaurant and café located on the ground floor with great views of the Burggarten.
Salzburg is an Austrian city on the border of Germany, with views of the Eastern Alps. The city is divided by the Salzach River, with medieval and baroque buildings of the pedestrian Altstadt (Old City) on its left bank, facing the 19th-century Neustadt (New City) on its right. The Altstadt birthplace of famed composer Mozart is preserved as a museum displaying his childhood instruments.
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Hohensalzburg Fortress is enthroned on the Mönchsberg, high above the rooftops of the Baroque historical district. The biggest fully preserved castle in Central Europe, this emblem of Salzburg draws millions of tourists to our “City of Mozart” every year. The fortress is open year round. Since 1892, you have the choice of making your way up there on foot, or riding the fortress funicular (“Festungsbahn”) from the Festungsgasse. The Marionette Museum as well as the Museum of the Rainer Regiment also invite you to embark on a journey into the past. Furthermore, the over 900-year-old fortress also serves as the venue for the famous Salzburg Fortress Concerts.
Mirabell Palace and Gardens
Mirabell is a woman’s name from Italy, a compilation of two words: mirabile “admirable” and bella “beautiful”.The Marble Hall, the former banquet hall of the prince-archbishops, is generally regarded as one of the “most beautiful wedding halls in the world”. In former times, the likes of Leopold Mozart and his children, Wolfgang and Nannerl, made music here. Nowadays, it regularly hosts weddings, conferences and awards ceremonies. The Marble Hall also provides an atmospheric venue for the. Mirabell Palace looks back on a colorful history. Today, Mirabell Palace is home to municipal offices as well as those of the mayor of Salzburg.
Baroque pleasure gardens in the heart of the city Mirabell Gardens were completely redesigned under archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun in 1690. The underlying geometric form, which is typical for the Baroque, is still clearly recognizable. The visual orientation towards the cathedral and fortress adds to the grandeur of the gardens – simultaneously incorporating them into the overall historical ensemble of the city.
Red Bull Hangar-7
By the late 1990s there was no longer enough space for the rapidly expanding Flying Bulls fleet, originally based at Innsbruck Airport. This sowed the seed of a plan to erect a hangar at Salzburg Airport. The time had also arrived when the heretofore loose association of pilots and mechanics needed to be brought under a common roof, which led to the “Flying Bulls” being founded in 1999. Since then the Flying Bulls’ technically and visually perfect aircraft have become popular participants at air shows and an attraction at any type of aviation event.
The globally admired and unique collection includes rarities such as the Lockheed P-38 Lightning, a North American B-25J Mitchell, a Chance Vought F4U-4 “Corsair” and a DC-6. The helicopter fleet is no less impressive: the Flying Bulls’ ranks include two BO 105s, the world’s only civil helicopter licensed for aerobatics, plus helicopters such as the Bell Cobra, which can claim a glamorous past.
Rupert, a Franconian missionary, came to Salzburg, the former Roman Juvavum, around 700 and founded St. Peter’s Church and a monastery, still extant as the oldest community of monks on German soil.
Architecture and interior
Romanesque architecture is even more distinct inside St. Peter’s Church. The large number of altars display the church’s rococo design. Several altar paintings were created by Martin Johann Schmidt, also known as “Kremser Schmidt,” one of the most famous devotional and altarpiece painters of the 18th century. One of the chapels in the south aisle contains the memorial for Johann Michael Haydn, a marble plaque for Mozart’s sister, Nannerl, and the tomb of Field Marshal General Hans Werner von Raitenau, Wolf Dietrich’s father.
Zell am See
Zell am See is the administrative capital of the Zell am See District in the Austrian state of Salzburg. The town is an important tourist destination known as Zell am See-Kaprun and is a transportation hub for the region
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The Kitzsteinhorn summit station is situated 3.029m above sea level. It is the highest point comfortably accessible for everyone in the county of Salzburg and a real shining star among the countless alpine options.The winter wonderland of the ICE CAMP presented by Audi quattro is rebuilt in top-quality from snow and ice every winter. The camp over here is a unique place for relaxation, chill-out and enjoyment – especially on the large sun deck. Cool tunes and drinks served in glasses made from ice are waiting for you 2.600 m above sea level in the heart of the Kitzsteinhorn Glacier ski resort. Guided snowshoe hiking tours to the ICE CAMP presented by Audi quattro take place every Wednesday.
Not only optically the distinctive centre of it’s region, Lake Zell is at the heart of everything in summer and winter. The wind lends its support to activities like sailing and surfing. Discover the region on water during stand-up paddling tours. Fantastic views to the surrounding nature are nowhere better than from the middle of the lake. The many lidos, sunbathing lawns and lake cafes in Zell, Thumersbach and Schüttdorf are the centre of activities during summer. You can sail, surf, swim or take a boattour or a tour on ship. A boat trip is a very leisurely way of discovering the region because private motorboats are not permitted on Lake Zell, you can only rent electric boats, rowboats and paddle boats. This is how we preserve the drinking water quality of our watery jewel.
Gipfel Welt 3000
Gipfelwelt 3000 allows you to savour the entire fascination, energy and grandeur of high alpine nature. From its position at the edge of the “Hohe Tauern National Park” the summit complex offers stunning insights into – and views of – the mystical Kitzsteinhorn and the Hohe Tauern mountains.
The fascinating info stations are situated in a 360m-long cave and recount the origins of the Hohe Tauern Mountains, Tauerngold, precious stones, permafrost and technology on the Kitzsteinhorn.
Spectacular scenery up close! That’s how you experience “Kitzsteinhorn – The Nature”, a film shown on an 8 metre wide screen.
Salzburg’s highest panoramic platform provides breathtaking views of the valley, lake Zell and the sheer endlesness of the summit chain of central and limestone alps.
Nationalpark Gallery Tour with a National Park Ranger
During a guided tour with a National Park Ranger you can experience fascinating insights into and views of the Hohe Tauern National Park.
Slippery slides in summer snow, snow beach, deckchairs and so much more
Just like in winter, families love the Schmittenhöhe. Especially because here is something for every taste. The youngest become friends with Schmidolin, the cool dragon, and have fun at Schmidolin’s baptism of fire. The older kids take a few racy rounds on Schmidolin’s blazing motorbikes in Austria’s highest-situated E-motocross park. Quickly, open Schmidolin’s hiking puzzle magazine and answer his questions on the family hiking promenade high above Lake Zell. In perfect harmony with the great views, there are art installations to be admired on the mountain. They fit beautifully in the landscape and complement the stunning panoramic views to lake and mountain.
Graz is the capital city of the southern Austrian province of Styria. At its heart is Hauptplatz, the medieval old town’s main square. Shops and restaurants line the narrow surrounding streets, which blend Renaissance and baroque architecture. A funicular leads up Schlossberg, the town hill, to the Uhrturm, a centuries-old clock tower. Across the River Mur, futuristic Kunsthaus Graz exhibits contemporary art.
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Old Town Graz
What is most striking about Graz is the beautiful architecture of its medieval and Italian Renaissance buildings. Explore the Old Town, a UNESECO World Cultural Heritage Site, with its stuccoed facades, secret courtyards and narrow alleys. Duck into galleries, museums, cafes, restaurants and shops, in this lively heart of the city.
The Schlossberg (Castle-Mountain) is one of Graz’s most popular attractions, offering views over the medieval roofscape of Old Town. Though the massive fortifications have mostly been leveled, the old Clock Tower, which dates back to the 13th century, remains a landmark of the city. Enjoy the sunset from the terrace of one of the restaurants, sipping a glass of local Sauvignon Blanc.
Come face to face with the history of Styria at the Armory. The historic armor and weapons remaining here are preserved in near original state. The armory’s purpose was to have weapons ready to defend the province from invaders. Today you can immerse yourself in the extraordinary atmosphere of the armory, just as it was centuries ago.
Take an afternoon to visit this magnificent Baroque palace at the western edge of Graz. The palace’s layout, designed by Imperial Governor Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg, is based on the Gregorian calendar. Here you will find exactly 365 windows, 31 rooms on each floor, 24 state rooms with 52 doors and four corner towers, all alluding to time, the seasons, weeks, days hours and minutes. Don’t forget to take a stroll around the palace garden.
The Friendly Alien
Discover Graz’ modern side at the Kunsthaus museum. Designed by architects Peter Cook and Colin Fournier, the Kunsthaus hovers elegantly and mysteriously over the River Mur and features exhibitions on international and contemporary art. The spectacular biomorphic shape makes it an unmistakable icon of the city.
Bad Gastein is an Austrian spa and ski town in the High Tauern mountains south of Salzburg. It’s known for the belle epoque hotels and villas built on its steep, forested slopes. The Wasserfallweg is a path offering views of the town’s central Gasteiner Waterfall plummeting to the valley floor. Gothic frescoes adorn St. Nicholas Church. The Gasteiner Museum chronicles the town’s thermal springs and notable guests.
Stubnerkogel Suspension Bridge
The 140 meters-long suspension footbridge on the Stubnerkogel in Bad Gastein simultaneously breaks two records: It is the first suspension bridge at 2300 meters, and it can be walked across all year round.
It begins right next to the restaurant in the upper terminal of the Stubnerkogel mountain lift and leads you on a 28 m walk above the abyss to the Stubnerkogel transmitter station. You definitely need a head for heights if you decide to step out onto this swaying construction, since the balustrades and floor are both transparent.
Enjoy their beauty and relaxation treatments with Gastein’s mountain; world before your eyes. Felsentherme thermal spring spa resort in Salzburger Land offers you a wide variety of exclusive wellness and beauty amenities.
Gastein’s Felsentherme shines with one particular wellness “high”-light: Located on the highest point of the Felsentherme, the sun deck, is the wellness area, with its overwhelming views of Gastein’s mountains. Health and never-ending views at 1100 meters above sea level. Send your eyes on their own personal journey through the alpine world of Gastein, while you enjoy the pampering of a lifetime .
Bad Gastein Waterfall
Bad Gastein’s star attraction is this 341m waterfall, which rages over rugged cliff faces and through thick forest to tumble into three turquoise pools. The waterfall’s wispy, ethereal beauty captured the imagination of Klimt, Max Liebermann, Schubert and Empress Elisabeth. The stoneWasserfallbrücke (waterfall bridge) is the best vantage point and the trailhead for the Wasserfallweg (waterfall path) shadows the magnificent cataract and provides some great photo ops.
on 28 June 1936, where the spa stay of the later Emperor Friedrich III. Solemnly recalled. Subsequently, extended Gasteiner families with donations and loaned the collection to a museum. A collection of paintings by famous old masters, in particular the chamber painters Thomas Ender and Matthäus Loder of Archduke Johann . One section showed spa models. Gasteiner minerals were purchased and a bunk showed memorabilia of gold mining.
In 1939, with the Second World War, the museum was closed and the loans returned. In 1946 Heinrich von Zimburg began the reconstruction of the museum. The mineral collection of the Böckstein collector Zschocke and Frohnwieser, including a 76 kg rock crystal from the Ankogel , was acquired
The third closure of the museum took place in 2008 with the sale of Haus Austria and the congress center by the municipality of Bad Gastein. Thanks to the agreement of the owner Rosina Tscherne, the association at the Grand Hotel de l’Europe was able to rent exhibition rooms and storage rooms. The structural implementation was carried out by the Architekturbüro FLEOS in Salzburg. On November 15, 2011, the museum was reopened with the Provincial Councilor Tina Widmann .